As class is concluding I have been thinking a lot about the importance of ARPAnet. Before this semester I had no idea what ARPAnet was as most of us didnt. However as the internet becomes more and more apart of our daily lives I feel that we should all know what the internet is and how it got started. I am glad I got to learn about the ARPAnet and the people involved in it, and that I got to research it more as my group’s project topic.
In class during the ARPAnet discussion we talked about Donald Davies and his role in packet switching and ARPAnet. I found in article online that goes more in depth about Donald Davies:
“Donald Davies coined the word “packet”. In 1966, he succeeded Albert Uttley as superintendent of NPL’s autonomics division. He soon turned this into a division of computer science, giving it new and more practical objectives. The key new project was the development of an idea he had originated in 1965: that to achieve communication between computers a fast message-switching communication service was needed, in which long messages were split into chunks sent separately so as to minimize the risk of congestion. The chunks he called packets, and the technique became known as packet-switching. His network design was received enthusiastically by America’s Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA), and the Arpanet and the NPL local network became the first two computer networks in the world using the technique. Today’s Internet can be traced back directly to this origin.”
Here is the link to the article to find more information on him.
Here is a quick timeline I have made of some of ARPAnet’s major events:
- 1958-1967 – Formation of ARPA and Design stage of ARPAnet
- 1969- ARPAnet carries its first packets
- Oct 29 1969- at 10:30 pm UCLA sends first successful message over ARPAnet to Stanford
- Dec 5 1969- Four node network was established (UCLA, Stanford Research Institute, UCSB, Utah)
- March 1970- ARPAnet reaches the east coast (BBN)
- 1971-1972- Basic Email Programs are established over the ARPA
- September 1971- 23 connected Universities and Government hosts
- 1973- Norway becomes first country outside of US to connect
- 1981- 213 host computers
- 1983- ARPAnet splits with military hosts to form MILNET
- Formally decommissioned on 28 February 1990
I hope this is informational and that you were able to find information you had not already known on ARPAnet.
So far my group has brainstormed some ideas for the group project on the beginnings of the Internet with a focus on the internet. We are planning on using many different ways to present such as a website, prezi, a timeline, a video and more. We are also considering presenting how ARPAnet began using 3 different ideas from 3 different people who heavily influenced the beginning of the internet. I am currently spending time researching different books and articles for our project.
I thought we had some very good discussions for the social/cultural/economic impact topic. I think we addressed some important economic issues with future jobs and also some good social issues to talk about like cyber bullying. I found an article online that is about a gun company that is now taking bitcoin as a form of payment. Here is the article. We did not really talk about bitcoin’s impact, but it will definitely impact the economic and cultural aspects of the web.
Last class we discussed how technology is affecting the future of jobs. Here is an article from The Economist that you might find interesting. It talks about how we have adapted to innovations in the past but how the technology revolution is something that no one is prepared for and how the future of jobs doesn’t look so bright from their perspective.
20 years ago I wouldn’t have been able to get an education from sitting at home. However with the internet, online education is growing tremendously. Since I have been in college I have taken multiple online classes. I have enjoyed that I have more flexibility with my time and how I complete my tasks. Online education has made it easier for me to have part time jobs while I go to school so I can earn money and still go to class without scheduling conflicts. I think online education is a great alternative that has made my life easier and others around the world
After watching TED talk by Lawrence Lessig, what really stood out to me was how he talked about the generational gap and its views on IP fair use. I thought it was really interesting how for his generation who lived through the creation of the internet had one view on fair use and the younger generation who grew up with the internet had a different perspective on IP fair use. I also agree with how he said that the younger generation creates rather than watches. There are so many different “remixes” of videos and pictures out there that I don’t even think twice about who that particular picture or video actually belongs too.
I was very fascinated by seeing Jon Udell’s video on “Heavy Metal Umlaut”. I had never really edited or seen a Wikipedia page be edited before so this was definitely eye opening. Not just how quickly and often a Wikipedia page can be edited, updated, and evolve but how any website could change over night if the owner of it wanted too. Michael Wesch’s video on “The Machine is Us/ing us” was also eye opening. Not only webpages like Wikipedia but the internet as a whole is evolving rapidly everyday and we are the ones behind it. Before the internet was a communication system for the government and now anyone from anywhere in the world can create, post, and communicate whatever they want on the internet.